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Pros and Cons of Mammography Screening

Although it has its side effects, mammography screening is a program offered at a certain cost and in intervals, and is designed for the purpose of early cancer detection which assists in lowering the rates of deaths and also improving therapeutic options. Currently, mammography screening is the only proved method to meet the needs above. The paragraphs below explain 3 of the pros of mammography screening and 3 of its cons, starting with the advantages. about this website
Mortality reduction is the first advantage and the major goal of mammography screening but requires many years to be effective as death from all types of cancer occur during the advanced stages hence it is hard to assess it. Mortality reduction is currently estimated between 15% to 30% in a study where 70% of the women did not participate in the program and it is estimated to exceed 35% for those participating.
The second advantage brought by the early detection due to mammography screening is the increased probability of early treatment since early detection leads to reduced chemotherapy, low number of mastectomies, and improved results from breast conservation
Lastly, there has been an improvement on the quality assurance of the diagnostic chain seeing that proper infrastructure is being implemented to address a problem that arose where detection happened with no subsequent assessments and diagnosis hence enhancing more collaboration and cooperation between disciplines. read more now
The first and most risk disadvantage is that this program exposes the woman to radiation risks and other risks seeing that with the modern methods of mammography and mammography digital techniques offer dosages of 4 mGy per breast, which however declines with age where those beyond 40 years of age have a very minimal risk of dying due to breast cancer.
The second con of the mammography screening is that, like the other medical tests, there is a risk of it giving a false alarm, where the screening may detect abnormalities that require some more intense analysis but turn out to benign even for the second time, making the women who go and never come back for subsequent screens live with a false alarm that they have cancer in their minds. read more now
The last disadvantage is that of over diagnosis where the mammography scan discovers additional cancers that, in some cases, may not have become apparent if there was no screening done, a double tragedy since their discovery do not reduce mortality and this can be acknowledged by the fact that breast cancer is more in people who have gone through screening than those who did not go through it, provided that their age and composition is the same. Visit this website